BISBADOS, Pakistan — As the smell of baking flour fills the air, a group of young girls prepare to make their first batch of besan bread.
It’s the first time they have ever tasted the bread, and they have a lot to learn.
“The aroma is strong, it is so different from the bread we’ve made before,” says 16-year-old Abid Khan.
She says it smells like the smell and taste of freshly baked bread.
Besan flour is the common ingredient in the South Asian region of Pakistan, and it’s popular in the booming economy in the region.
In the past, it was only used for a few flour recipes, but the new batch of biscuits is a big deal in the country.
It’s an important ingredient for the country’s bread industry, and Pakistan is one of the few countries where bread is made using wheat flour.
It can be expensive, but once it’s made, it’s hard to get rid of it.
“We have to make the bread ourselves, which is very expensive,” says Shahid Ahmed, a farmer in the northern province of North Waziristan.
“We have been working for six months on this.
It takes two months to make, and we spend over Rs 1,000 a kilo.”
The price has risen significantly in the past few years, but most of the farmers in North Wansiristan are still making besan, or the bread that goes into biscuits.
That’s because there is a shortage of wheat flour in the area.
In Pakistan, wheat flour is an essential ingredient to make biscuits, which are baked by roasting the wheat, then blending the flour with water to create a dough.
Biscuits are sold in shops, grocery stores, and restaurants.
Bisan flour makes up the bulk of Pakistan’s bread.
The bread is sold in restaurants, markets, and even grocery stores.
However, the government has made it mandatory to buy besan in bulk, so that the market can be opened up.
In a recent interview with Al Jazeera, Shahid told us that when he first started making besans, he had no idea how much the price would rise.
But he was shocked when he finally paid for a kilogram of the bread.
“I bought it for Rs 6,000, which I could barely afford,” he says.
“I could not even buy enough flour for a week.
It cost me Rs 1 lakh.
I could not afford to buy bread for a month.
It was very hard.
I bought a kilon of besans from a local market in Peshawar.
The price of the flour has gone up.
We have been making it for the last two years.
It is one reason why we are here today.””
The price of besas has gone to Rs 1.5 lakh.
But we can only buy two kilos a month,” says Ahmed.
“This is very hard for the farmers.
We sell only about 200 kilograms a month.”
The market is only open to those who have a basic income.
The other main source of income for many in Pakistan is from selling their produce to other farmers.
“A lot of people in this area work in fields, but they are also selling to other people in the market.
We do not sell to the general public,” says Farooq Jafri, a manager in the village of Jafra.
“When you buy a kilowatthour, you have to pay a premium.
That is why we don’t sell to everyone.”
Besans are made from a combination of wheat and barley flour, but many of the people in Jafrabad have never tasted a batch of bread.
“It’s not very good.
I had to go and ask for a second batch of biscuit.
I can only say I am proud of my children,” says Jafari.
The government has also made it compulsory to buy a certain amount of besam.
“Besam flour is very high quality,” says Khan.
“The price is not good either.”
It is one thing for the government to force people to buy biscuit in bulk.
It makes it harder for the poor to make a living, and for those who can’t afford to spend the money.
But, as the prices of biscuits rise, so too does the pressure to buy more biscuits.
“Even though I am very poor, the price of biscuts is going up,” says one young woman, Ayesha.
“So I will sell all of my biscuts.
But, I have not made a single sale yet.”
She’s not alone.
“They [government officials] have asked us to sell more biscuits,” says Sarjana Bibi, a mother of three in the town of Jazan, just outside Peshawar, who has been working as a labourer for five years.
“Now we have no money, so we are